Table 1:

Characteristics of included studies

StudyStudy designSurgical specialtySample sizeNo. IndigenousNo. non-IndigenousIndigenous populationIdentification of Indigenous populationOutcome of interest
Aljohani et al.20Retrospective cohort studyObstetric165 96920 414145 555First NationsFirst Nations statusRates of cesarean delivery
Barnabe et al.21Retrospective cohort studyOrthopedic300 67310 745289 928First Nations, Inuit and MétisPayment through the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (Health Canada)Rates of hip or knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis
Bresee et al.22Retrospective cohort studyCardiac22 17148921 682First NationsFirst Nations statusRates of coronary revascularization after acute myocardial infarction; death after coronary revascularization for acute myocardial infarction
Callegari et al.23Retrospective cohort studyPlastic15981251473First Nations and MétisUnknownRates of surgical treatment for burns
Cohen et al. 198924Retrospective cohort studyGeneral37 383132736 056First NationsFirst Nations statusReadmission rate after cholecystectomy
Dyck25Retrospective cohort studyUrologic64589556Not specifiedFirst Nations statusRates of renal transplant
Goulet et al.26Retrospective cohort studyVascular67884594First Nations, Inuit, MétisFirst Nations status or ethnicity referenced in medical recordDeath after revascularization for peripheral vascular disease
Hong et al.27Retrospective cohort studyGeneral1164UnknownUnknownNot specifiedCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterDeath after liver transplant
Leslie et al.28Retrospective case controlOrthopedic104 2921069103 223First NationsFirst Nations statusDeath after surgery for nontraumatic hip, wrist or spine fracture
Liu et al.29Retrospective cohort studyObstetric29 21625328 963First NationsOn reserve First Nations residenceRates of cesarean delivery
Martens et al.30Cross-sectional studyOrthopedicUnknown116 071UnknownFirst NationsFirst Nations statusRates of amputation in patients with diabetes
McIntyre et al.31Retrospective cohort studyOrthopedic, vascular1276463First Nations, MétisSelf-identifiedRates of amputation or vascular bypass in patients on dialysis
Meatherall32Retrospective cohort studyOrthopedic442123First Nations, MétisUnknownDisability and quality of life after lower limb amputation
Oster et al.33Retrospective cohort studyObstetric427 05828 306398 752First NationsFirst Nations statusRates of cesarean delivery
Promislow et al.34Retrospective cohort studyUrologic30 688236128 327Not specifiedCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterRates of renal transplantation
Riddell et al.35Retrospective cohort studyObstetric215 9939152206 841First NationsFirst Nations statusRates of cesarean delivery
Rose et al.36Retrospective cohort studyOrthopedic, vascular325224101First Nations, MétisUnknownRates of amputation in patients with diabetes
Roy et al.37Retrospective cohort studyOphthalmologic884345First NationsUnknownRates of surgical treatment for uveitis
Shen et al.38Retrospective cohort studyObstetric214 028UnknownUnknownFirst NationsFirst Nations statusRates of cesarean delivery
Sood et al.39Retrospective cohort studyCardiac12 17057411 596First Nations, Inuit, MétisSelf-identifiedRates of cardiac surgery; Morbidity after cardiac surgery; death after cardiac surgery
Storsely et al.40Retrospective cohort studyUrologic1143876First Nations, MétisSelf-identifiedMorbidity after kidney donation; death after kidney donation
Tonelli41Retrospective cohort studyUrologic99054959410First Nations, Inuit, or MétisCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterRates of renal transplant
Tonelli et al.42Retrospective cohort studyUrologic48406854155First Nations, Inuit, or MétisCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterRates of renal transplant
Weber et al.43Retrospective cohort studyUrologic705126579First Nation, Inuit or MétisSelf-identifiedDeath after renal transplant
Wei-Randall et al.44Retrospective cohort studyCardiac353 6886560347 128First NationsAreas with high percentage of residents of First Nations identityRates of coronary revascularization after acute myocardial infarction
Yeates et al.45Retrospective cohort studyUrologic24 561107123 490Not SpecifiedCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterRates of renal transplant
Yeates et al.46Retrospective cohort studyUrologic17 986165016 336First Nations, Métis, InuitCanadian Organ Replacement RegisterRates of renal transplant
Zhang et al.47Retrospective cohort studyGeneral14920129First NationsFirst Nations status or self-identificationDeath after liver transplant