Table 1:

Ontario population and primary care visits, Mar. 12 to July 29, 2019 (pre-COVID-19) and Mar. 11 to July 28, 2020 (COVID-19), by visit location and patient characteristics

VariableNo. (%) of populationNo. (%) of office visitsNo. (%) of home visits
Pre-COVID-19
n = 14 388 566
COVID-19
n = 14 574 884
Pre-COVID-19
n = 15 174 126
COVID-19
n = 3 206 492
Pre-COVID-19
n = 108 679
COVID-19
n = 43 568
Sex
 Female7 330 105 (50.9)7 408 475 (50.8)8 810 115 (58.1)1 812 564 (56.5)67 082 (61.7)26 237 (60.2)
 Male7 058 461 (49.1)7 166 409 (49.2)6 364 011 (41.9)1 393 928 (43.5)41 597 (38.3)17 331 (39.8)
Age, yr
 ≤ 182 918 996 (20.3)2 965 429 (20.4)2 065 021 (13.6)445 611 (13.9)8 610 (7.9)635 (1.5)
 19–292 024 156 (14.1)2 059 474 (14.1)1 763 122 (11.6)382 921 (11.9)2 376 (2.2)438 (1.0)
 30–442 903 298 (20.2)2 958 978 (20.3)2 832 859 (18.7)601 487 (18.8)5 441 (5.0)885 (2.0)
 45–644 011 605 (27.9)4 011 526 (27.5)4 662 559 (30.7)961 289 (30.0)13 642 (12.6)4 725 (10.8)
 65–741 431 818 (10.0)1 460 363 (10.0)2 079 437 (13.7)427 604 (13.3)13 943 (12.8)6 895 (15.8)
 ≥ 751 098 693 (7.6)1 119 114 (7.7)1 771 128 (11.7)387 580 (12.1)64 667 (59.5)29 990 (68.8)
Neighbourhood income quintile
 Q1 (lowest)2 827 594 (19.6)2 853 828 (19.6)3 030 386 (20.0)689 544 (21.5)25 001 (23.0)10 996 (25.2)
 Q22 823 987 (19.6)2 856 893 (19.6)3 074 225 (20.3)642 579 (20.0)24 477 (22.5)9 700 (22.3)
 Q32 897 691 (20.1)2 941 890 (20.2)3 154 409 (20.8)632 224 (19.7)20 579 (18.9)8 314 (19.1)
 Q42 902 771 (20.2)2 950 876 (20.2)3 037 814 (20.0)580 249 (18.1)18 583 (17.1)7 143 (16.4)
 Q5 (highest)2 912 107 (20.2)2 946 225 (20.2)2 833 515 (18.7)511 030 (15.9)19 646 (18.1)7 196 (16.5)
 Missing24 416 (0.2)25 172 (0.2)43 777 (0.3)150 866 (4.7)393 (0.4)219 (0.5)
Recent registrant < 10 yr
 No11 487 764 (79.8)11 511 755 (79.0)12 280 000 (81.0)2 508 772 (78.2)97 551 (89.8)42 044 (96.5)
 Yes1 259 553 (8.8)1 381 008 (9.5)1 437 718 (9.5)321 240 (10.0)2 847 (2.6)882 (2.0)
 Missing1 641 249 (11.4)1 682 121 (11.5)1 452 134 (9.6)376 480 (11.7)8 281 (7.2)642 (1.5)
Model of primary care
 Capitation4 242 767 (29.5)4 280 269 (29.4)4 336 071 (28.6)782 564 (24.4)28 709 (26.4)12 985 (29.8)
 Enhanced fee-for-service4 396 397 (30.6)4 412 620 (30.3)6 675 802 (44.0)1 504 264 (46.9)43 203 (39.8)16 599 (38.1)
 Family Health Team3 579 169 (24.9)3 600 281 (24.7)2 745 367 (18.1)451 139 (14.1)21 809 (20.1)9 355 (21.5)
 Not in a patient enrolment model1 034 343 (7.2)1 036 289 (7.1)950 271 (6.3)234 302 (7.3)11 160 (10.3)3 554 (8.2)
 Not attributable to a primary care physician1 135 890 (7.9)1 245 425 (8.6)143 079 (0.9)54 614 (1.7)2 190 (2.0)773 (1.8)
Rurality
 Large urban6 080 663 (42.3)6 186 490 (42.4)6 869 774 (45.3)1 418 637 (44.2)49 744 (45.8)21 738 (49.9)
 Urban4 363 444 (30.3)4 428 280 (30.4)5 377 869 (35.4)1 060 515 (33.1)32 780 (30.2)9 708 (22.3)
 Small urban2 771 108 (19.3)2 789 421 (19.1)2 275 457 (15.0)449 117 (14.0)17 767 (16.4)8 611 (19.8)
 Rural1 173 351 (8.2)1 170 693 (8.0)651 026 (4.3)278 223 (8.7)8 388 (7.7)3 511 (8.1)
Johns Hopkins resource utilization bands
 0 (lowest user)1 520 354 (10.6)1 599 109 (11.0)224 140 (1.5)41 322 (1.3)279 (0.3)105 (0.2)
 1892 667 (6.2)895 682 (6.2)360 404 (2.4)57 393 (1.8)592 (0.5)105 (0.2)
 22 884 992 (20.0)2 902 616 (19.9)1 719 758 (11.3)290 697 (9.1)3 541 (3.3)660 (1.5)
 36 621 471 (46.0)6 685 259 (45.9)8 094 397 (53.3)1 656 752 (51.7)29 197 (26.9)9 254 (21.2)
 41 803 504 (12.5)1 818 207 (12.5)3 325 038 (21.9)806 116 (25.1)25 460 (23.4)10 216 (23.4)
 5 (highest user)665 578 (4.6)674 011 (4.6)1 450 389 (9.6)354 212 (11.0)49 610 (45.6)23 228 (53.3)
VariableNo. (%) of virtual visitsNo. (%) of overall visits
Pre-COVID-19
n = 138 201
COVID-19
n = 7 991 197
Pre-COVID-19
n = 15 421 006
COVID-19
n = 11 241 257
Sex
 Female79 351 (57.4)4 830 485 (60.4)8 956 548 (58.1)6 669 286 (59.3)
 Male58 850 (42.6)3 160 712 (39.6)6 464 458 (41.9)4 571 971 (40.7)
Age, yr
 ≤ 1818 908 (13.7)605 839 (7.6)2 092 539 (13.6)1 052 085 (9.4)
 19–2926 663 (19.3)893 940 (11.2)1 792 161 (11.6)1 277 299 (11.4)
 30–4432 229 (23.3)1 548 393 (19.4)2 870 529 (18.6)2 150 765 (19.1)
 45–6439 574 (28.6)2 639 766 (33.0)4 715 775 (30.6)3 605 780 (32.1)
 65–7412 899 (9.3)1 200 650 (15.0)2 106 279 (13.7)1 635 149 (14.6)
 ≥ 757 928 (5.7)1 102 609 (13.8)1 843 723 (12.0)1 520 179 (13.5)
Neighbourhood income quintile
 Q1 (lowest)32 909 (23.8)1 556 239 (19.5)3 088 296 (20.0)2 256 779 (20.1)
 Q228 516 (20.6)1 605 729 (20.1)3 127 218 (20.3)2 258 008 (20.1)
 Q326 409 (19.1)1 638 368 (20.5)3 201 397 (20.8)2 278 906 (20.3)
 Q427 237 (19.7)1 572 847 (19.7)3 083 634 (20.0)2 160 239 (19.2)
 Q5 (highest)22 730 (16.4)1 501 010 (18.8)2 875 891 (18.7)2 019 236 (18.0)
 Missing400 (0.3)117 004 (1.5)44 570 (0.3)268 089 (2.4)
Recent registrant < 10 yr
 No113 795 (82.3)6 820 926 (85.4)12 491 346 (81.0)9 371 742 (83.4)
 Yes10 977 (7.9)737 944 (9.2)1 451 542 (9.4)1 060 066 (9.4)
 Missing13 429 (9.7)432 327 (5.4)1 473 844 (9.6)809 449 (7.2)
Model of primary care
 Capitation32 022 (23.2)2 179 016 (27.3)4 396 802 (28.5)2 974 565 (26.5)
 Enhanced fee-for-service49 370 (35.7)3 709 847 (46.4)6 768 375 (43.9)5 230 710 (46.5)
 Family Health Team32 228 (23.3)1 437 610 (18.0)2 799 404 (18.2)1 898 104 (16.9)
 Not in a patient enrolment model17 098 (12.4)412 861 (5.2)978 529 (6.4)650 717 (5.8)
 Not attributable to a primary care physician5 001 (3.6)92 498 (1.2)150 270 (1.0)147 885 (1.3)
Rurality
 Large urban38 141 (27.6)3 655 502 (45.7)6 957 659 (45.1)5 095 877 (45.3)
 Urban32 529 (23.5)2 734 648 (34.2)5 443 178 (35.3)3 804 871 (33.9)
 Small urban54 174 (39.2)1 168 424 (14.6)2 347 398 (15.2)1 626 152 (14.5)
 Rural13 357 (9.7)432 623 (5.4)672 771 (4.4)714 357 (6.4)
Johns Hopkins resource utilization bands
 0 (lowest user)4779 (3.5)65 416 (0.8)229 198 (1.5)106 843 (1.0)
 15470 (4.0)108 597 (1.4)366 466 (2.4)166 095 (1.5)
 220 657 (15.0)647 359 (8.1)1 743 956 (11.3)938 716 (8.4)
 371 295 (51.6)4 176 124 (52.3)8 194 889 (53.1)5 842 130 (52.0)
 425 041 (18.1)1 968 456 (24.6)3 375 539 (21.9)2 784 788 (24.8)
 5 (highest user)10 959 (7.9)1 025 245 (12.8)1 510 958 (9.8)1 402 685 (12.5)
  • Note: COVID-19 = coronavirus disease 2019.