Table 4

Mean number of primary care visits, Mar. 12 to July 29, 2019 (pre–COVID-19) and Mar. 11 to July 28, 2020 (COVID-19), by visit location and physician characteristics

VariableNo. office visits per physician/d*No. home visits per physician/d*No. virtual visits per physician/d*No. overall visits per physician/d*% virtual
Pre-COVID-19COVID-19Change, %Pre-COVID-19COVID-19Change, %Pre-COVID-19COVID-19Change, %Pre-COVID-19COVID-19Change, %COVID-19
Total11.322.39−78.90.080.03−59.90.105.965682.311.518.39−27.171.1
Physician sex
 Female9.401.73−81.60.060.02−67.00.085.386531.19.547.13−25.375.4
 Male13.213.04−77.00.100.05−56.10.126.545141.413.449.62−28.467.9
Physician age, yr
 30–4410.211.75−82.90.070.02−72.50.195.312764.010.477.08−32.475.0
 45–6412.662.82−77.70.080.04−53.90.066.7612 042.712.809.63−24.870.3
 65–7410.192.64−74.10.100.04−57.00.025.4826 985.710.308.16−20.867.2
 ≥ 756.571.76−73.20.060.04−35.20.003.50280 910.36.635.30−20.166.0
Graduation country
 Canada9.582.07−78.40.080.04−53.10.035.2014 861.19.697.30−24.771.2
 Other15.513.36−78.40.090.03−68.40.127.906398.615.7211.28−28.370.0
 N/A10.832.06−81.00.080.03−66.50.275.631950.611.187.71−31.073.0
Physician panel size
 < 1003.900.48−87.70.080.02−71.40.031.264267.54.011.76−56.171.5
 100–4996.961.21−82.70.100.04−54.40.162.441429.37.223.69−48.866.1
 500–9998.221.55−81.20.060.02−65.20.094.354642.88.385.92−29.473.4
 1000–149910.252.02−80.30.080.03−61.20.055.7310 717.310.387.77−25.173.7
 1500–199913.452.91−78.40.080.04−57.70.117.406532.113.6510.34−24.271.6
 2000–249917.824.06−77.20.110.05−53.10.099.7110 899.018.0313.82−23.370.2
 ≥ 250027.357.35−73.10.080.03−59.60.3514.574103.327.7721.95−21.066.4
  • Note: COVID-19 = coronavirus disease 2019, N/A = not available.

  • * All p values for visit types are < 0.0001 unless indicated otherwise. The p value compares the number of daily visits per physician in the pre-COVID-19 versus COVID-19 periods.

  • The p value for variable “Physician ≥ age 75 yr” under the category “No. home visits per physician/d” is p = 0.2079.

  • Data were not available for recent time periods.