Table 1:

Characteristics of all 623 Ontario long-term care homes, by profit status

MeasureProfit status of LTC homep value
No. (%)* of for-profit LTC homes
n = 360
No. (%)* of nonprofit LTC homes
n = 162
No. (%)* of municipal LTC homes§
n = 101
No. of residents, mean113.2119.6155.2< 0.001
Older design standard**193 (53.6)30 (18.5)12 (11.9)< 0.001
Accommodation type
 % single occupancy, mean31.649.252.8< 0.001
 % double occupancy, mean38.539.939.70.52
 % quadruple occupancy, mean28.38.76.6< 0.001
LTC home chains
 ≥ 20 homes145 (40.3)0 (0)0 (0)< 0.001
 10–19 homes104 (28.9)0 (0)0 (0)
 2–9 homes56 (15.6)50 (30.9)0 (0)
 1 home: not a chain55 (15.3)112 (69.1)101 (100)
Staff (full-time equivalent):bed ratio, mean0.700.720.77< 0.001
Population size of the community in which the LTC home is situated
 ≥ 500 000145 (40.3)82 (50.6)28 (27.7)0.002
 10 000–499 999143 (39.7)37 (22.8)45 (44.5)
 < 10 000: rural72 (20.0)43 (26.5)28 (27.7)
Cumulative incidence of COVID-19 in the public health unit region surrounding the LTC home1.00 per 10001.06 per 10000.89 per 10000.045
  • Note: COVID-19 = coronavirus disease 2019, LTC = long-term care.

  • * Unless otherwise specified.

  • Number of active residents in Ontario for-profit LTC homes as of Mar. 31, 2020: 40 752; number of beds: 42 310.

  • Number of active residents in Ontario nonprofit LTC homes as of Mar. 31, 2020: 19 375; number of beds: 20 181.

  • § Number of active residents in Ontario municipal LTC homes as of Mar. 31, 2020: 15 675; number of beds: 12 269.

  • χ2 test used for categorical variables and Kruskal–Wallis test for continuous variables, α = 0.05

  • ** Long-term care homes where ≥ 50% of beds meet or fall below 1972 design standards (Appendix 1, Table S1)