Table 1:

Causes of acute ataxia and aphasia in children

ConditionAtaxiaAphasia
Acute cerebellitis+
Acute cerebellar ataxia (postinfectious)+
Bacterial meningitis+±
Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia+
Enterovirus encephalitis
HSV encephalitis+
EBV encephalitis+
Cerebellar tumour+
Lyme disease (neuroborreliosis)+±
  • Note: EBV = Epstein–Barr virus, HSV = herpes simplex virus.