Table 2:

Description of the types of goals identified by participants

Goal areaGeneral goal examples*Intervention group, n (%)
n = 158
Total sample, n (%)
n = 312
Physical activityExercising more, walking more, starting a new activity, maintaining current physical fitness levels, getting out and getting more active78 (18.84)142 (17.93)
ProductivityGetting work done, pursuing hobbies, being mentally active and productive70 (16.91)130 (13.41)
Social connectionSpending time with family and friends, going out and doing social activities, maintain current relationships60 (14.49)113 (14.2)
MedicalManaging medical problems, seeing the doctor (such as to see specialist about tremor in hand)51 (12.32)98 (12.37)
Maintainance of healthStaying healthy, staying at home, remaining independent48 (11.59)111 (14.02)
Diet and nutritionLosing weight, eating healthier, eating fewer unhealthy foods, managing weight using diet36 (8.70)47 (5.93)
OtherMaking time for faith, travel, finances, caregiving29 (7.00)60 (7.58)
RehabilitationManaging pain, improving mobility and flexibility, seeing health professional such as physiotherapist26 (6.28)47 (5.93)
Mental healthKeeping mental faculties, memory, preventing degradation13 (3.14)20 (2.53)
Smoking and use of alcoholQuitting smoking, decreasing alcohol intake4 (< 1)4 (< 1)
Total goals set414792
  • * Through further discussion, each general goal was expressed more specifically by a participant as specific actions over a specific time frame to achieve the goal. The participant identified the goal as an ideal yet possible target for achieving the goal by considering the question: “In 6 months, what specifically would be the biggest change you would want to see?”. The SMART goals format was used to create specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and timely goals. Progress toward goal achievement was rated based on 5 expected outcome levels for each goal identified.

  • Percentages relate to the percentage of total goals set.