Table 1:

All-age years lived with disability counts and rates of age-standardized years lived with disability per 100 000 for diseases and injuries in Canada in 2016, and cumulative percent changes for 2006 to 2016 (both sexes combined)

Cause (disease or injury)All-age YLDAge-standardized YLD rate, per 100 000
2016 count (95% UI)Rank in 2016 (count)*% change, 2006 to 20162016 rate (95% UI)Rank in 2016 (rate)*% change, 2006 to 2016
All causes4 512 880 (3 365 754–5 796 010)NA1710 598 (7886–13 701)NA1
Communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases133 545 (95 133–180 056)NA21396 (283–535)NA10
 HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (combined)10 252 (4710–18 670)163023 (10–42)1613
  HIV/AIDS9895 (4435–18 311)NA3124 (11–43)NA14
  Tuberculosis357 (234–500)NA121 (1–1)NA−3
 Diarrhea, lower respiratory and other common infectious diseases54 780 (35 565–80 418)1112165 (106–243)91
 Neglected tropical diseases and malaria112 (61–240)21−20 (0–1)21−16
 Maternal disorders524 (326–783)2072 (1–2)19−4
 Neonatal disorders44 210 (31 048–61 791)1237132 (92–184)1125
 Nutritional deficiencies17 663 (11 563–26 518)151658 (38–88)158
 Other communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases5803 (3479–9608)181415 (9–25)173
Noncommunicable diseases4 013 355 (2 972 963–5 157 859)NA179408 (6953–12 139)NA1
 Neoplasms67 454 (49 603–88 406)1028125 (92–164)120
 Cardiovascular diseases240 834 (176 513–313 325)721437 (319–570)7−5
 Chronic respiratory diseases145 961 (106 939–193 068)87378 (269–512)8−7
 Cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases7222 (5062–10 060)172415 (11–21)182
 Digestive diseases27 658 (19 623–37 770)131761 (43–84)14−0
 Neurologic disorders411 060 (280 011–554 154)48994 (670–1352)4−5
 Mental and substance use disorders930 422 (674 147–1 194 375)2142453 (1782–3160)13
 Diabetes mellitus, urogenital, blood and endocrine diseases326 535 (230 823–435 543)522659 (464–883)5−0
 Musculoskeletal disorders1 035 204 (758 579–1 339 935)1222265 (1652–2948)23
 Other noncommunicable diseases821 004 (562 807–1 153 821)3182022 (1393–2854)31
Injuries365 980 (242 373–521 636)NA21795 (524–1142)NA1
 Transport injuries74 222 (48 641–106 679)910164 (107–237)10−7
 Unintentional injuries265 651 (176 916–384 718)625567 (374–822)63
 Self-harm and interpersonal violence (combined)25 548 (16 941–36 576)141762 (41–88)132
  Self-harm7197 (4659–10 316)NA1317 (11–24)NA−3
  Interpersonal violence18 350 (12 205–26 530)NA1945 (30–65)NA4
 Forces of nature, conflict and terrorism, and executions and police conflict562 (156–1519)19371 (0–4)2018
  • Note: NA = not applicable, UI = uncertainty interval, YLD = years lived with disability.

  • * Ranks are provided for level 2 causes of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) cause hierarchy, in descending order, with the leading cause being ranked number 1.

  • Represents level 3 causes of the GBD cause hierarchy.