Table 5:

Comparison of changes in health indicators among participants who attended CP@clinic and participants in control buildings*

Health indicatorChange in participants from pre- to postinterventionControl buildings, mean ± SD
Mean difference (95% CI)Intervention buildings, mean ± SD
BMI0.69 ± 3.60.18 ± 4.70.5 (−0.4 to 1.4)
Waist circumference, cm4.6 ± 24.4−0.4 ± 14.44.4 (−1.1 to 10.0)
QALY0.15 ± 0.370.06 ± 0.300.09 (0.01 to 0.17)
State of health3.9 ± 26.44.3 ± 35.1−0.4 (−8.4 to 7.6)
  • Note: BMI = body mass index, CI = confidence interval, CP@clinic = Community Paramedicine at Clinic, QALY = quality-adjusted life year, SD = standard deviation.

  • * For the those participants who completed the Health Awareness and Behaviour Tool survey.

  • Preintervention is defined as the baseline measure immediately before implementing CP@clinic, and postintervention is defined as 12 months after the start of CP@clinic in the intervention buildings.

  • Adjusted for pairing and clustering, with imputation.

  • Visual analogue scale of 0–100 in EQ-5D (0 = the worst imaginable state of health and 100 = best imaginable state of health). (24)