Survival model | Men, HR (95% CI) | Women, HR (95% CI) | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1952–1967 | 1968–1990 | 1991–2011 | 1952–1967 | 1968–1990 | 1991–2011 | |

Depression status at the first interview^{*} | ||||||

1952 sample | 2.83 (1.65–4.87) | 0.92 (0.41–2.08) | 1.14 (0.36–3.62) | 1.07 (0.52–2.20) | 1.06 (0.63–1.77) | 0.76 (0.39–1.49) |

1970 sample | 2.27 (1.41–3.64) | 1.07 (0.56–2.01) | 0.99 (0.54–1.83) | 1.03 (0.62–1.71) | ||

1992 sample | 1.87 (1.12–3.12) | 1.76 (1.13–2.74) | ||||

Depression status at the most recent interview^{†} | ||||||

1952 sample | 2.84 (1.65–4.89) | 1.75 (0.92–3.10) | 1.88 (0.95–3.73) | 1.08 (0.52–2.21) | 1.97 (1.14–3.40) | 1.03 (0.55–1.96) |

1970 sample | 2.27 (1.42–3.64) | 1.41 (0.87–2.29) | 0.99 (0.54–1.83) | 1.69 (1.05–2.70) | ||

1992 sample | 1.87 (1.12–3.12) | 1.76 (1.13–2.75) |

Note: CI = confidence interval, HR = hazard ratio.

↵* Test of gender*calendar period*depression (at first interview) interaction in the 1952 sample: χ

^{2}= 2.75, df = 2,*p*= 0.3; 1970 sample: χ^{2}= 1.91, df = 1,*p*= 0.2; and 1992 sample: χ^{2}= 0.03, df = 1,*p*= 0.9.↵† Test of gender*calendar period*depression (at recent interview) in the 1952 sample: χ

^{2}= 3.16, df = 2,*p*= 0.2); 1970 sample: χ^{2}= 3.68, df = 1,*p*= 0.05); and 1992 sample: χ^{2}= 0.03, df = 1,*p*= 0.9.