Table 3:

Mental health contact with health care providers

Mental health contact*No. (%) of womenComparison; OR (95% CI)
Perinatal suicide v. non-perinatal suicidePerinatal suicide v. perinatal controls
Any contact
Within previous yr
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)36 (70.6)0.73 (0.40–1.36)8.73 (4.34–17.6)
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)1223 (76.6)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)55 (21.6)1.00 (ref)
Within past 30 d
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)20 (39.2)0.71 (0.40–1.25)NR
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)762 (47.7)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)NR1.00 (ref)
With psychiatrist
Within previous yr
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)8 (15.7)0.37 (0.17–0.79)NR
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)535 (33.5)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)NR1.00 (ref)
Within past 30 d
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)NRNRNR
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)371 (23.2)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)NR1.00 (ref)
With primary care provider
Within previous yr
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)28 (54.9)1.80 (1.03–3.16)4.99 (2.52–9.89)
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)644 (40.3)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)50 (19.6)1.00 (ref)
Within past 30 d
Perinatal suicide (n = 51)10 (19.6)1.06 (0.52–2.14)NR
Non-perinatal suicide (n = 1597)299 (18.7)1.00 (ref)
Perinatal controls (n = 255)NR1.00 (ref)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, NR = not reportable because of small n value (< 6), OR = odds ratio.

  • * Mental health contact before suicide for perinatal and non-perinatal groups, and before matched index date for perinatal controls.