Table 2:

Mean individual-level health care costs for the 12-month period before the survey interview, by household food security status

Health care serviceFood security status; adjusted cost,* $, mean ± SDp value
Total
n = 59 869
Food secure
n = 52 440
Food insecure
Marginal
n = 2321
Moderate
n = 3172
Severe
n = 1936
Inpatient care500 ± 3927461 ± 3897604 ± 3366730 ± 42511063 ± 4673< 0.001
Emergency department visits116 ± 355105 ± 321153 ± 381181 ± 436282 ± 761< 0.001
Physician services718 ± 1406688 ± 1365765 ± 1296905 ± 15301165 ± 2144< 0.001
Same-day surgery105 ± 499102 ± 489118 ± 537118 ± 570139 ± 6060.003
Home care75 ± 106665 ± 1061147 ± 1287131 ± 939175 ± 1101< 0.001
Ontario Drug Benefit claims160 ± 129699 ± 1129305 ± 1393587 ± 2411943 ± 2120< 0.001
Other93 ± 231288 ± 229070 ± 1483155 ± 2642164 ± 30140.09
Total1768 ± 65891608 ± 64142161 ± 62352806 ± 79233930 ± 8455< 0.001
  • Note: SD = standard deviation.

  • * Adjusted to 2012 Canadian dollars.

  • Test for linear trend (analysis of variance) across all 4 levels of food security status.

  • Rehabilitation, complex continuing care, long-term care and assisted devices.