Table 1:

Effect of treatment on primary and secondary outcomes, compared with controls22

OutcomeIntervention; mean difference (95% CI)
BehaviouralPharmacologic
Primary
Weight, kg−3.13 (−3.88 to −2.38)−2.89 (−3.49 to −2.29)
BMI−1.09 (−1.43 to −0.75)−1.27 (−1.82 to −0.72)
Waist circumference, cm−3.05 (−3.86 to −2.24)−2.29 (−3.04 to −1.55)
Secondary
Total cholesterol, mmol/L−0.10 (−0.18 to −0.03)−0.33 (−0.42 to −0.24)
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L−0.14 (−0.29 to −0.00)−0.28 (−0.38 to −0.19)
Fasting glucose, mmol/L−0.14 (−0.23 to −0.05)−0.43 (−0.66 to −0.20)
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg−1.76 (−2.61 to −0.91)−1.70 (−2.28 to −1.13)
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg−1.60 (−2.27 to −0.93)−1.24 (−1.88 to −0.61)
  • Note: BMI = body mass index, CI = confidence interval, LDL = low-density lipoprotein.