Box 1: Vitamin D concentrations in selected foods*
Food sourceVitamin D, IU/serving
Natural source of vitamin D
Cod liver oil, 15 mL1279
Salmon, baked or broiled, 100 g254–932
Egg yolk, cooked, 132
Fortified source of vitamin D
Fortified cow’s milk, 250 mL100
Margarine, 5 mL25
Fortified plant-based beverage (soy, rice) or orange juice, 250 mL87–100
  • * Vitamin D concentrations were obtained from the Canadian Nutrient File database (

  • Values for salmon vary depending on the type (e.g., Atlantic, coho, sockeye) and the source (farmed or wild).