Table 1:

Practice changes implemented by participating sites during the intervention years

Practice change groups, categorized by outcomeNo. of sites
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Use of T-piece resuscitator7
Enhancing or ensuring early use of continuous positive airway pressure5
Controlled oxygen use or review of oxygen saturation5
Early use of surfactant and/or early extubation5
Ventilator weaning algorithm3
Prophylactic surfactant1
Severe neurologic injury
Delayed cord clamping7
Use of antenatal magnesium sulphate4
Minimal use of volume expanders1
Minimal use of inotropes1
Retinopathy of prematurity
Controlled oxygen use11
Improved screening protocol1
Necrotizing enterocolitis
Feeding guidelines11
Early feeding5
Use of donor milk4
Colostrum or enhanced expressed breast milk3
Early total parenteral nutrition2
Hold enteral feeds during erythrocyte transfusion2
Nosocomial infection
Central line management, bundle13
Hand hygiene10
Central line management, single intervention only9
Education, audit, team-building6
Reduce skin breaks5
Skin-to-skin care4
Checklist for central lines3