Table 3:

Association between diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica and first occurrence of each type of vascular event

Type of vascular eventNo.Specific vascular events, rate per 1000 person-years (95% CI)Hazard ratio (95% CI)
PMRNo PMRUnadjustedAdjusted*
Cerebrovascular106715.6 (14.2–17.2)5.9 (5.5–6.4)2.6 (2.3–3.0)2.3 (2.0–2.6)
Cardiovascular113418.1 (16.6–19.8)6.1 (5.6–6.6)3.0 (2.7–3.3)2.7 (2.4–3.0)
Peripheral3355.5 (4.7–6.4)1.6 (1.4–1.9)3.3 (2.7–4.1)2.8 (2.2–3.5)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, PMR = polymyalgia rheumatica.

  • * Adjusted for age, sex, ever having smoked, and record of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes or giant cell arteritis.

  • Assuming separate baseline hazards for those with and without giant cell arteritis.