Table 5:

Odds of mental conditions, by number of child abuse types

Mental conditionAdjusted OR (95% CI);* number of child abuse types
No abuse1 type2 types3 types
Interview-diagnosed mental disorders
Depression1.02.6a (2.2–3.0)3.2a (2.6–4.0)5.3b (3.9–7.0)
Bipolar1.02.3a (1.6–3.2)6.2b (4.1–9.3)8.0b (5.1–12.6)
Generalized anxiety disorder1.02.2a (1.8–2.6)3.0b (2.5–3.7)5.9c (4.4–7.9)
Alcohol abuse/dependence1.02.2a (1.9–2.5)3.1b (2.6–3.7)4.5c (3.3–6.2)
Drug abuse/dependence1.02.6a (2.2–3.1)4.7b (3.6–6.0)10.8c (7.8–15.0)
Any mental disorder1.02.6a (2.3–2.9)4.0b (3.3–4.7)8.3c (6.2–11.0)
Suicidal ideation1.03.2a (2.7–3.7)5.0b (4.1–6.0)13.8c (10.4–18.2)
Suicide attempts1.03.4a (2.4–4.8)7.5b (5.5–10.3)27.2c (18.2–40.6)
Self-reported mental conditions
Obsessive–compulsive disorder1.01.6a (0.9–2.8)4.5b (2.5–8.2)8.9b (4.3–18.2)
Panic disorder1.01.8a (1.3–2.3)2.5b (1.8–3.4)4.4c (3.1–6.3)
Posttraumatic stress disorder1.02.5a (1.5–4.1)5.2b (3.3–8.1)16.6c (9.8–28.2)
Phobias1.02.2a (1.3–3.6)3.0a (1.7–5.2)9.9b (4.0–24.6)
Attention-deficit disorder1.01.9a (1.4–2.5)2.5a,b (1.8–3.5)4.0b (2.3–6.9)
Eating disorders1.03.6a (1.7–7.5)4.7a,b (2.1–10.6)10.8b (4.3–27.1)
Learning disability1.01.2a (0.9–1.5)2.5b (1.7–3.6)3.2b (2.0–5.1)
Any self-reported mental disorder1.01.7a (1.4–2.0)2.8b (2.3–3.5)6.8c (4.8–9.7)
  • Note: adjusted OR = odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, visible minority status, Canadian-born status, education, income, marital status and province; CI = confidence interval.

  • * Adjusted ORs with different superscripts differ significantly at p < 0.05.