Table 3:

Odds of interview-diagnosed mental condition from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, by type of child abuse

Mental conditionPhysical abuseSexual abuseExposure to intimate partner violenceAny child abuse
Slapped on face, head or ears, hit or spankedPushed, grabbed, shoved or something thrown atKicked, bit, punched, choked, burned or attackedAny physical abuse
Depression
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)2.3 (2.0–2.7)2.8 (2.3–3.3)2.8 (2.4–3.3)2.5 (2.2–2.9)3.2 (2.7–3.7)2.2 (1.8–2.8)2.9 (2.5–3.3)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.3 (1.1–1.7)1.2 (0.9–1.6)1.2 (1.0–1.6)1.6 (1.4–2.0)1.9 (1.5–2.4)0.9 (0.6–1.2)2.2 (1.9–2.5)
Bipolar disorder
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)2.8 (2.1–3.7)3.7 (2.8–5.0)4.4 (3.3–5.9)3.2 (2.5–4.2)3.6 (2.6–4.8)4.5 (3.2–6.3)3.6 (2.7–4.9)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)0.9 (0.5–1.4)1.0 (0.6–1.8)1.6 (1.0–2.4)1.2 (0.9–1.7)1.2 (0.8–1.8)2.3 (1.3–4.3)1.9 (1.3–2.7)
Generalized anxiety disorder
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)2.5 (2.1–2.9)2.9 (2.4–3.4)3.1 (2.6–3.7)2.5 (2.2–2.9)2.8 (2.4–3.4)2.4 (2.0–2.9)2.7 (2.3–3.1)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.4 (1.1–1.7)1.1 (0.9–1.5)1.4 (1.1–1.8)1.5 (1.3–1.8)1.5 (1.2–1.9)1.1 (0.8–1.4)1.8 (1.5–2.1)
Alcohol abuse/dependence
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)2.4 (2.1–2.7)2.3 (2.0–2.7)2.2 (1.9–2.5)2.5 (2.2–2.8)2.5 (2.1–2.9)2.0 (1.7–2.5)2.5 (2.2–2.8)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.8 (1.5–2.1)1.0 (0.8–1.3)1.1 (0.9–1.4)1.9 (1.6–2.2)1.5 (1.2–1.7)0.9 (0.7–1.2)2.0 (1.8–2.2)
Drug abuse/dependence
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)3.3 (2.8–4.0)3.4 (2.8–4.2)3.2 (2.7–3.9)3.3 (2.8–3.9)3.8 (3.1–4.6)3.3 (2.6–4.1)3.4 (2.9–4.0)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.7 (1.4–2.2)1.1 (0.9–1.5)1.3 (1.0–1.6)1.8 (1.5–2.2)1.9 (1.5–2.4)1.4 (1.1–1.8)2.3 (1.9–2.8)
Suicidal ideation
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)3.3 (2.9–3.7)3.7 (3.2–4.4)4.3 (3.7–5.0)3.5 (3.1–4.0)4.6 (4.0–5.4)3.8 (3.2–4.5)4.1 (3.7–4.7)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.6 (1.3–1.9)1.0 (0.8–1.2)1.6 (1.3–2.0)1.8 (1.5–2.2)2.3 (1.9–2.8)1.5 (1.2–2.1)2.9 (2.5–3.3)
Suicide attempts
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)4.6 (3.5–6.0)5.8 (4.5–7.5)6.6 (5.2–8.5)4.7 (3.6–6.2)7.9 (6.1–10.1)6.3 (4.8–8.2)6.1 (4.6–8.0)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.4 (1.0–2.0)1.0 (0.7–1.4)1.8 (1.3–2.6)1.6 (1.1–2.3)3.0 (2.1–4.2)2.1 (1.4–3.2)3.7 (2.7–5.1)
Any diagnosis from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)2.8 (2.5–3.1)3.2 (2.8–3.8)3.1 (2.7–3.6)2.9 (2.6–3.2)3.5 (3.1–4.1)2.9 (2.4–3.4)3.1 (2.8–3.4)
Adjusted OR2 (95% CI)1.9 (1.7–2.2)1.3 (1.0–1.6)1.5 (1.2–1.7)2.3 (2.1–2.6)2.5 (2.1–3.0)1.3 (1.0–1.6)NA
  • Note: adjusted OR1 = odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, visible minority status, Canadian born status, education, income, marital status and province; adjusted OR2 (all models except for any physical abuse and child abuse) = odds ratios adjusted for sociodemographic variables listed above, other types of child maltreatment, and other diagnosed mental disorder from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; adjusted OR2 (for any physical abuse models) = odds ratios adjusted for sociodemographic variables listed above, sexual abuse and exposure intimate partner violence, and other diagnosed mental disorder from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; adjusted OR2 (for any child abuse models) = odds ratios adjusted for sociodemographic variables listed above and other diagnosed mental disorder from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; CI = confidence interval; NA = not applicable.