Table 2:

Clinical outcomes among children assigned to nurse- or physician-initiated radial-head subluxation

OutcomeNo. (%)* of childrenDifference, % (95% CI) or p value
Nurse-initiated treatment
n = 124
Physician-initiated treatment
n = 121
Successful reduction by randomized care provider105 (84.7)117 (96.7)12.0% (4.8% to 19.7%)
Successful reduction by physician16 (12.9)117 (96.7)
Length of stay in the emergency department, min, median (range)50 (32–82)105 (63–150)55, < 0.001
Reduction attempted, fracture subsequently diagnosed1 (0.8)0
Underwent radiography8/124 (6.5)14/121 (11.6)0.2§
  • * Unless otherwise stated

  • Length of stay data was missing for 2 children.

  • Wilcoxon Rank Sum test.

  • § Z test.