Table 1:

Characteristics of children included in the analysis

CharacteristicNurse-initiated treatment
n = 124
Physician-initiated treatment
n = 121
Age, yr, mean ± SD (range)2.4 ± 1.0 (0.4–6.2)2.2 ± 1.1 (0.3–5.6)
Female, no. (%)80 (64.5)68 (56.2)
Time from injury to triage, min,* median (IQR)88 (45–153)103 (64–109)
Mechanism of injury, no. (%)
 Pull118 (95.2)92 (76.0)
 Fall5 (4.0)19 (15.7)
 Other1 (0.8)10 (8.3)
  • Note: IQR = interquartile range, SD = standard deviation.

  • * Although the exact time of the injury was not available for 16 patients, the time of injury was known to be less than 12 h before presentation. These patients were not included in the reported data for time from injury to triage.