Table 1:

Key characteristics of study groups

VariableGroup; no. (%) of participants*
First Nations (n = 8 254)Non–First Nations (n = 82 175)
Sex, male3 718 (45.0)44 820 (54.5)
Age at diabetes diagnosis
 Mean ± SD47.2 ± 1461.6 ± 15.3
 < 40 yr2 685 (32.5)7 290 (8.9)
 40–60 yr4 092 (49.6)28 860 (35.1)
 > 60 yr1 477 (17.9)46 025 (56.0)
End-stage renal disease
 No. (%) of participants200 (2.4)600 (0.7)
 Age at diagnosis, yr, mean ± SD56.5 ± 11.264.1 ± 13.7
Death without end-stage renal disease
 No. (%) of participants1 482 (18.0)28 450 (34.6)
 Age at death, yr, mean ± SD66.4 ± 14.478.3 ± 11.1
  • SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless otherwise indicated.

  • All differences between groups were statistically significant (p < 0.001) by t test (continuous variables) or χ2 test (categorical variables).