Table 1:

Characteristics of the included participants

CharacteristicMedian (IQR)*
Copenhagen General Population Studyn = 56 960Copenhagen City Heart Studyn = 9 041Combined
No. of women31 5375 02536 562
No. of men25 4234 01629 439
Age, yr60 (50–70)60 (47–70)60 (50–70)
Smoking status, no. (%)12 001 (21)4 419 (49)16 420 (25)
BMI26 (23–29)25 (23–28)26 (23–28)
BMI > 25 kg/m2, no. (%)32 245 (57)4 541 (50)36 786 (56)
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg140 (128–152)136 (122–152)140 (126–152)
Diabetes mellitus, no. (%)2 964 (5)416 (5)3 380 (5)
Use of oral contraceptives,§ no. (%)1 917 (6)335 (7)2 252 (6)
Cholesterol, mmol/L5.6 (4.9–6.3)6.1 (5.3–6.9)5.6 (4.9–6.4)
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, mmol/L3.2 (2.6–3.8)3.7 (3.0–4.5)3.2 (2.6–3.9)
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, mmol/L1.6 (1.3–1.9)1.5 (1.2–1.9)1.6 (1.3–1.9)
Triglycerides, mmol/L1.4 (1.0–2.1)1.5 (1.1–2.2)1.4 (1.0–2.1)
Use of lipid lowering medication, no. (%)5 593 (10)286 (3)5 879 (9)
  • Note: BMI = body mass index, IQR = interquartile range.

  • * Unless stated otherwise.

  • Values were obtained at study examination in both the Copenhagen General Population Study and the Copenhagen City Heart Study.

  • Includes past and current smokers.

  • § Among premenopausal women.