Table 1:

Baseline characteristics of respondents by usual brand of tobacco

CharacteristicUsual brand of tobaccop value
Premium/discount, no. (%)*n = 2421Contraband, no. (%)*n = 365
Age, yr0.004
 18–29401 (23.3)40 (12.8)
 30–44777 (34.3)108 (34.1)
 45–59882 (30.1)153 (37.4)
 ≥ 60349 (12.3)62 (15.6)
Male sex1066 (53.4)140 (44.7)0.04
Education0.002
 Less than high school382 (14.1)90 (23.2)
 Completed high school and some college or university1057 (42.7)132 (35.7)
 Completed college or university979 (43.1)143 (41.0)
Urban residence (v. rural)1749 (82.4)246 (70.2)< 0.001
Proportion of neighbourhood below low-income cut-off9.4710.40.1
Survey year< 0.001
 2005418 (20.1)51 (14.6)
 2006839 (37.1)99 (28.3)
 2007798 (29.9)131 (33.9)
 2008366 (12.9)84 (23.2)
Smoking
Usually buy cigarettes on reserve115 (3.6)301 (90.4)< 0.001
History, pack-years22.431.9< 0.001
Heaviness of smoking index< 0.001
 Low1175 (52.5)83 (24.7)
 Moderate966 (38.8)196 (54.7)
 High259 (8.7)81 (20.6)
Intention to quit1041 (40.3)105 (27.2)< 0.001
No. of attempts to quit0.3
 0341 (16.6)52 (12.4)
 1524 (22.3)80 (24.0)
 ≥ 21554 (61.1)232 (63.6)
Perceived addiction< 0.001
 Not at all addicted147 (7.3)9 (3.1)
 Somewhat addicted680 (32.1)63 (19.0)
 Very addicted1586 (60.7)292 (77.9)
Have someone to support quiting2051 (86.6)280 (81.4)0.02
Have someone who would make quitting difficult1008 (45.6)174 (47.5)0.6
Other people smoke in the home1266 (44.0)255 (67.8)< 0.001
Use/knowledge of smoking cessation resources
Previous use of pharmacotherapy1412 (53.2)246 (63.2)0.009
Perceive cost of pharmacotherapy to be high970 (36.9)193 (53.0)< 0.001
Perceive pharmacotherapy to be difficult to access107 (3.9)24 (5.3)0.3
Previous use of counselling156 (5.9)23 (3.7)0.07
Perceive cost of counselling to be high692 (27.8)116 (28.8)0.8
Perceive counselling to be difficult to access362 (12.7)67 (14.1)0.5
  • * Unweighted sample size.

  • Population-weighted estimates (may not sum to 100% owing to rounding). Percentages based on number of responses, which varied from question to question.

  • χ2 test.