Table 1:

Baseline characteristics of 381 participants with hypertension and a history of stroke randomly assigned to home blood pressure monitoring (intervention) or usual care (control)

CharacteristicGroup; no. (%) of participants*
Control
n = 194
Intervention
n = 187
Age, yr, mean ± SD72.6 ± 11.471.1 ± 12.6
Sex, male108 (55.7)111 (59.4)
Ethnicity
 White141 (72.7)150 (80.2)
 Black29 (14.9)20 (10.7)
 Asian14 (7.2)8 (4.3)
 Other10 (5.2)9 (4.8)
Index of Multiple Deprivation score, mean ± SD19.3 ± 10.117.5 ± 10.7
Rankin disability score
 0 (no symptoms)56 (28.9)51 (27.3)
 1 (minor symptoms that do not affect activities)54 (27.8)50 (26.7)
 2 (unable to do all previous activities)50 (25.8)53 (28.3)
 ≥ 3 (need help with self-care)34 (17.5)33 (17.6)
Abbreviated Mental Test score 10/10n = 191
171 (89.5)
n = 184
155 (84.2)
Anxiety (positive FEAR score)n = 190
34 (17.9)
n = 186
33 (17.7)
Type of cerebrovascular event in the 9 mo before recruitmentn = 168n = 170
 Transient ischemic attack50 (29.8)58 (34.1)
 Ischemic stroke107 (63.7)98 (57.6)
 Hemorrhagic stroke8 (4.8)12 (7.1)
 Both types of stroke or unknown3 (1.8)2 (1.2)
Recruited within 4 mo after stroken = 183
95 (51.9)
n = 178
95 (53.4)
Blood pressure, mm Hg, mean ± SD
 Systolic135.8 ± 20.7140.3 ± 21.3
 Diastolic72.8 ± 11.175.5 ± 12.4
Body mass index, mean ± SDn = 169
27.3 ± 4.9
n = 162
28.1 ± 5.6
Current smoker21 (10.9)25 (13.4)
Patient-reported medical history
 Diabetes§44 (22.7)39 (21.0)
 Atrial fibrillation37 (19.2)46 (25.0)
 Stroke or transient ischemic attack (before presenting event)54 (27.8)61 (32.6)
 Angina or heart attack**37 (19.2)39 (21.1)
No. of antihypertensive drugs, mean ± SD1.7 ± 1.01.9 ± 1.1
  • Note: FEAR = frequency of anxiety, enduring nature of anxiety, alcohol or sedative use, restlessness or fidgeting;17 SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless stated otherwise.

  • The Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 scale is a measure of poverty and is based on postal codes and ranges from 0.37 to 85.46. A higher score indicates higher deprivation. Further information can be found at www.communities.gov.uk/communities/research/indicesdeprivation/deprivation10/

  • Some patients had speech problems, but their comprehension was good and their inclusion was approved by the clinic doctor.

  • § Information on diabetes was not provided by 1 patient in the intervention group.

  • Information on atrial fibrillation was not provided by 1 patient in the intervention group and 3 patients in the control group.

  • ** Information on angina or heart attack was not provided by 2 patients in the intervention group and 1 patient in the control group.