Table 4:

Associations between the number of healthy behaviours and measures of functioning used to define successful aging

No. of healthy behavioursMeasure of functioning, adjusted* OR (95% CI)
Good lung functionGood cognitive functionGood physical functionNo disabilityGood mental health§Good systolic BPGood systolic BP or no use of antihypertensive drugs
0 (reference)1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
11.69 (1.12–2.55)0.85 (0.58–1.26)1.34 (0.93–1.91)1.19 (0.81–1.74)1.18 (0.75–1.83)0.78 (0.50–1.22)1.02 (0.73–1.41)
22.08 (1.41–3.07)1.12 (0.77–1.63)1.82 (1.29–2.56)1.60 (1.11–2.31)1.81 (1.17–2.79)0.79 (0.55–1.15)1.30 (0.96–1.79)
32.84 (1.91–4.22)1.62 (1.10–2.37)2.17 (1.54–3.08)1.82 (1.25–2.63)2.33 (1.50–3.62)0.98 (0.71–1.39)1.40 (1.02–1.91)
43.63 (2.31–5.71)2.15 (1.39–3.33)2.97 (1.99–4.45)2.27 (1.49–3.47)3.12 (1.83–5.29)1.05 (0.80–1.71)1.61 (1.15–2.26)
p for trend< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.4< 0.001
  • Note: BP = blood pressure, CI = confidence interval, OR = odds ratio.

  • * Adjusted for age, sex, level of education and marital status. Numbers of participants vary from 3487 to 4455, depending on the measure of functioning (see Appendix 3 for further details).

  • Defined as not being in the lowest age- and sex-standardized quintile.

  • Defined as no self-reported difficulties in basic and instrumental activities of daily living.

  • § Defined as score > 42 on mental component of the 2007–2009 questionnaire.

  • Defined as not being in the highest age- and sex-standardized quintile of systolic blood pressure.