Table 3:

Baseline characteristics of patients who were moderate drinkers, by binge-drinking status*

CharacteristicNo. (%) of patients
No binge drinking n = 10 191Binge drinking n = 948
Age, yr, mean ± SD66.3 ± 7.264.1 ± 6.7
Sex, female1470 (14.4)76 (8.0)
Region
 Americas2 905 (28.5)251 (26.5)
 Europe5 735 (56.3)540 (57.0)
 Australia/Asia1 551 (15.2)157 (16.6)
Waist:hip ratio, mean ± SD0.95 ± 0.080.96 ± 0.07
Medical history
 Coronary artery disease8 267 (81.1)756 (79.7)
 Stroke/TIA1 848 (18.1)171 (18.0)
 Peripheral artery disease1 912 (18.8)206 (21.7)
 Hypertension6 504 (63.8)572 (60.3)
 Diabetes2 930 (28.8)288 (30.4)
 Chronic renal disease2 385 (23.4)202 (21.3)
 Sleep apnea625 (6.1)72 (7.6)
Use of statin6 864 (67.4)655 (69.1)
Smoking status
 Never smoked2 564 (25.2)183 (19.3)
 Current/former smoker7 617 (74.7)764 (80.6)
Education
 None123 (1.2)8 (0.8)
 1–8 yr2 464 (24.2)213 (22.5)
 9–12 yr3 084 (30.3)321 (33.9)
 University/trade school4 515 (44.3)406 (42.8)
Physical activity
 Sedentary2 918 (28.6)282 (29.7)
 Moderate2 687 (26.4)264 (27.8)
 High4 581 (45.0)402 (42.4)
Stress§
 Yes6 604 (64.8)606 (63.9)
 No3 581 (35.2)342 (36.1)
  • Note: SD = standard deviation, TIA = transient ischemic attack.

  • * Binge drinking = > 5 drinks/d at any one time or a calculated average intake of > 5 drinks/d; non-binge drinking = ≥ 1 drink/wk but not meeting the criterion for binge drinking; moderate consumption = 1–14 drinks/wk (about 2 drinks/d) for women, and 1–21 drinks/wk (about 3 drinks/d) for men.

  • Unless stated otherwise.

  • Sedentary = physical activity once per week or less often, moderate = 2–4 times per week, high = ≥ 5 times per week.

  • § Having had some or several periods of stress or permanent stress at work/home, or moderate or high worry about money.