Table 1:

Characteristics of study participants

CharacteristicNo. (%) of patients*
n = 152
Age, yr, mean (SD)27.4 (5.8)
Ethnic background
 White British81 (53.3)
 White other5 (3.3)
 Mixed (white and black)4 (2.6)
 Mixed (white and South Asian)3 (2.0)
 Black6 (3.9)
 Indian5 (3.3)
 Pakistani38 (25.0)
 Bangladeshi5 (3.3)
 Other5 (3.3)
Primiparous73 (48.0)
Marital status
 Married, first marriage79 (52.0)
 Remarried10 (6.6)
 Single, never married60 (39.9)
 Divorced3 (2.0)
Cohabitation
 Lives with baby’s father122 (80.3)
 Lives with another partner1 (0.7)
 In a relationship, not living with partner20 (13.2)
 Not in a relationship9 (5.9)
Housing
 Owns house, paying mortgage/loan68 (44.7)
 Owns house outright13 (8.6)
 Rents54 (35.5)
 Lives rent free17 (11.2)
Highest level of education
 None22 (14.5)
 High school35 (23.0)
 College or university31 (20.4)
 Postgraduate school49 (32.2)
 Other12 (7.9)
 No response3 (2.0)
Employment status
 Currently employed94 (61.8)
 Previously employed34 (22.4)
 Never employed24 (15.8)
Smoking status
 Current smoker22 (14.5)
 Former smoker42 (27.6)
 Never smoked88 (57.9)
Self-reported history of diagnosed depression
 No prior diagnosis by general practitioner128 (84.2)
 ≥ 1 diagnosed episode of depression24 (15.8)
  • Note: SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless stated otherwise.