Table 2:

Baseline characteristics of 476 patients who received acupuncture or sham acupuncture

CharacteristicNo. (%) of patients*
Shaoyang- specific acupuncture
n = 121
Shaoyang- nonspecific acupuncture
n = 119
Yangming-specific acupuncture
n = 118
Sham acupuncture (control)
n = 118
Overall
n = 476
Women100 (82.6)99 (83.2)92 (78.0)103 (87.3)394 (82.8)
Age, yr, mean (SD)37.1 (11.7)36.2 (12.4)36.8 (13.0)37.5 (12.1)36.9 (12.3)
Migraine type
 With aura18 (14.9)14 (11.8)12 (10.2)12 (10.2)56 (11.8)
 Without aura103 (85.1)105 (88.2)106 (89.8)106 (89.8)420 (88.2)
Duration of illness, mo, mean (SD)119.8 (115.3)91.8 (78.6)104.0 (100.7)102.0 (93.4)98.1 (5.0)
Self-reported migraine intensity on a scale of 0–3
 Mild (1)24 (20.0)14 (11.8)15 (12.7)17 (14.4)70 (14.7)
 Moderate (2)74 (61.0)80 (67.2)87 (73.7)81 (68.6)322 (67.6)
 Severe (3)23 (19.0)16 (21.0)16 (13.6)20 (17.0)84 (17.7)
Previous use of acupuncture5 (4.1)2 (1.6)1 (0.8)4 (3.3)12 (2.5)
Use of acute pain medication35 (28.9)40 (33.6)36 (30.5)45 (38.1)156 (32.8)
Use of analgesics20 (16.5)19 (15.9)15 (12.7)25 (21.2)79 (16.6)
 Ergotamine1 (0.8)2 (1.7)3 (2.5)0 (0.0)6 (1.3)
 Traditional Chinese medicine (herbs, pills or capsules)14 (11.6)15 (12.6)15 (12.7)17 (14.4)61 (12.8)
 Combination0 (0.0)4 (3.4)3 (2.5)3 (2.5)10 (2.1)
  • Note: SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless otherwise stated.

  • During a four-week period before treatment.