Table 1:

Sources of lead that may lead to elevations in blood lead levels

CategorySource
Occupational
  • Lead and nonferrous smelting and manufacturing (6), (9), (10)

  • Battery manufacturing, repair and recycling (6), (9), (10)

  • Welding (9)

  • Automotive manufacturing and repair (6), (9), (10)

  • Copper, nickel, lead, zinc and coal mining (6), (10)

  • Some types of construction (e.g., bridge construction) (9), (10)

  • Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contracting (10)

  • Making crystal glass (9)

  • Polyvinyl chloride plastic manufacturing (9)

Hobbies
  • Shooting guns with leaded munitions (6), (9)

  • Ceramic crafting (6), (9)

  • Furniture refinishing (9)

  • Home refinishing (9)

  • Painting (fine artist’s pigments) (6), (9)

  • Repair of automobiles or boats (6), (9)

  • Making stained glass (6), (9)

Other
  • Retained bullets or pellets (6)

  • Contaminated substances of abuse (6), (9)

  • Paint chips (6)

  • Folk, traditional or herbal remedies (6)