Table 1:

Survey participant characteristics

CharacteristicNo. (%) of respondents*Standardized difference
No stroke
n = 45 722
Stroke
n = 682
Sex
 Male21 601 (50.1)344 (55.1)0.100
 Female24 121 (49.9)338 (44.9)
Age, yr
 18–3913 984 (38.2)25 (6.2)1.149
 40–496655 (16.8)26 (5.3)
 50–597992 (17.7)113 (18.2)
 60–699009 (15.5)200 (30.7)
 70–795687 (8.7)185 (23.5)
 ≥ 802395 (3.1)133 (16.1)
Education
 Less than secondary school6348 (10.9)206 (25.3)0.432
 Secondary school10 332 (23.4)154 (27.1)
 Postsecondary certificate or degree28 952 (65.8)322 (47.6)
Physical activity
 No physical activity minutes reported9246 (17.8)253 (33.0)0.366
 Active below recommended level10 627 (23.2)160 (22.1)
 Active at or above recommended level25 849 (59.0)269 (44.9)
Frequency of alcohol consumption
 Did not drink in the previous 12 mo7921 (16.7)241 (27.1)0.309
 Occasional drinker (< 1/mo)6984 (14.0)135 (18.0)
 Regular drinker (≥ 1/mo)30 817 (69.3)306 (54.9)
Frequency of smoking
 Not at all37 236 (82.9)536 (78.5)0.181
 Occasionally2170 (5.4)26 (3.8)
 Daily6316 (11.7)120 (17.7)
Body mass index
 Underweight (< 18.50)466 (1.1)6 (0.4)0.364
 Normal weight (18.50–24.99)16 148 (37.8)192 (28.1)
 Overweight (25.00–29.99)16 361 (35.7)228 (29.6)
 Obese – class I, II, III (≥ 30.00)12 747 (25.4)256 (41.9)
Arthritis
 No35 119 (82.5)326 (54.8)0.625
 Yes10 603 (17.5)356 (45.2)
Asthma
 No41 982 (92.3)596 (87.4)0.162
 Yes3740 (7.7)86 (12.6)
Diabetes
 No42 045 (93.6)536 (77.7)0.466
 Yes3677 (6.4)146 (22.3)
Cancer
 No44 814 (98.5)643 (95.2)0.188
 Yes908 (1.5)39 (4.8)
Heart disease
 No43 250 (96.1)443 (68.7)0.771
 Yes2472 (3.9)239 (31.3)
High blood cholesterol
 No39 712 (89.0)397 (57.9)0.752
 Yes6010 (11.0)285 (42.1)
High blood pressure
 No36 513 (83.9)308 (50.1)0.771
 Yes9209 (16.1)374 (49.9)
Mood disorder (depression, bipolar, mania, dysthymia)
 No41 732 (92.1)564 (82.9)0.283
 Yes3990 (7.9)118 (17.1)
Anxiety disorder (phobia, obsessive compulsive, panic)
 No41 873 (92.1)585 (86.6)0.179
 Yes3849 (7.9)97 (13.4)
  • * Numbers of participants are raw values present in the survey sample, whereas percentage values and standardized mean differences are weighted to the Canadian population.

  • Defined by responding yes to the question, “Do you suffer from the effects of a stroke?”