Table 3:

Relative risk of fatal drowning among people with pre-existing medical conditions in Canada (2007–2016), by age and sex

PEMCRR (95% CI)
People aged 1–19 yrPeople aged 20–34 yrPeople aged 35–64 yrPeople aged ≥ 65 yrAll ages
Ischemic heart disease
 All8.7 (5.6–14)4.0 (3.6–4.6)2.3 (2.0–2.6)2.7 (2.5–3.0)
 Male8.8 (5.6–14)3.2 (2.8–3.6)1.8 (1.5–2.1)2.2 (2.1–2.5)
 Female3.4 (0.48–25)5.0 (3.7–6.8)2.9 (2.2–3.7)3.8 (3.1–4.5)
Respiratory disease
 All0.07 (0.03–0.14)0.05 (0.03–0.11)0.14 (0.10–0.19)0.13 (0.10–0.18)0.12 (0.10–0.15)
 Male0.07 (0.03–0.16)0.04 (0.02–0.11)0.14 (0.10–0.20)0.12 (0.09–0.18)0.11 (0.09–0.14)
 Female0.11 (0.03–0.44)0.19 (0.11–0.35)0.16 (0.09–0.28)0.17 (0.11–0.24)
Seizure disorder
 All7.0 (4.4–11)8.8 (6.7–12)6.8 (5.5–8.5)1.8 (1.0–3.2)6.3 (5.4–7.3)
 Male5.4 (3.0–9.8)6.1 (4.3–8.8)5.4 (4.2–7.1)1.3 (0.6–2.7)4.9 (4.0–5.9)
 Female12 (5.5–25)23 (14–39)13 (8.7–19)3.2 (1.3–7.7)12 (8.9–15)
Neurocognitive disorder
 All1.04 (0.80–1.4)
 Male1.22 (0.90–1.7)
 Female1.10 (0.68–1.8)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, PEMC = pre-existing medical condition, RR = relative risk.